BUILDING INFORMATION MODELLING: BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES FOR WIDESPREAD ADOPTION IN THE NIGERIAN BUILT INDUSTRY

I O Okereke, K E Chukwujindu, A I Emenike, O S Egwu

Abstract


Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a process involving the generation and management of digital representations of physical and functional characteristics of structures for the consumption of professionals in the building industry. This is due to its capabilities and potentials mostly in collaborative endeavours. Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) professionals are now able to collaborate more effectively even remotely thus ensuring a more streamlined design process and greater savings of construction costs through clash detection and predictable synergies. This study highlights the benefits of BIM adoption within the AEC industry while analysing the challenges encountered in its implementation. Various relevant literature were analysed with a bearing to better understanding of BIM usefulness in a more streamlined design process from design and construction management through to facility management. A few forefront local Architectural practices were observed with the aim of understanding the challenges inherent in the adoption of BIM in local practice. Findings show increased levels of apathy, unwillingness to adopt technological innovations like BIM with increased age of principals of firms. Other important challenges include costs, technological, standardization challenges and the dearth of other professionals willing to collaborate on such platforms. The most important challenges identified as barriers for BIM adoption are the absence of technical expertise on BIM tools deployment, reluctance to change, high investment cost in staff training, dearth of awareness of BIM technology and software/hardware upgrade issues.

KEYWORDS: Building Information Modelling, Adoption, Nigeria, Built, Industry, Challenges.


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