A SURVEY OF THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR FRAUDULENT LAND PRACTICES IN ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA

Celestine U Ugonabo, Stanley C Ugochukwu, Chinelo P Igwe

Abstract


In most urban towns in Anambra State, the unwholesome activities of miscreants who acquire land through unlawful means has remained unchecked over time and has resulted in loss of confidence by real estate investors, hindered infrastructure development and made some investors to consider relocating to neighbouring states where fraudulent activities on land are minimal. It is in view of this that the study carried out a survey to identify the factors responsible for fraudulent land practices in Anambra State. Survey research design was adopted for the study, while three major cities of Anambra, namely: Awka, Nnewi, and Onitsha formed the study area due to the large volume of ongoing construction activities going on in those areas. Data were obtained from residential property owners, lawyers, registered estate Surveyors & valuers and youth/tout groups in these cities. Questionnaires, oral interviews, documentary evidence and field observations were employed as the research instruments. Descriptive statistics such as frequency tables, percentages and mean were used to present data while inferential statistics like Pearson product-moment correlation, and Relative Importance Index (RII) were used to analyze the data and test the hypothesis. Findings revealed that twelve factors causing fraudulent land practices in Anambra State were identified, which are mostly attributed to economic situation of the country, non-implementation of existing land and property laws and individual orientation. In Awka and Nnewi, economic recession/difficulties‟ ranked the highest contributory factor to fraudulent practices on land, while quest for easy source of income/laziness was ranked the highest contributory factor in Onitsha. Furthermore, the RII ranking of these factors showed that all factors do not rank equal in the cities, hence the acceptance of the null hypothesis (H0) that the factors responsible for fraudulent land practices do not rank equal in the selected cities in Anambra State. Since most factors are within the purview of the government, it was advanced that fraudulent practices on land in Anambra State will be significantly reduced if applicable laws are implemented and punitive measures carried out on erring individuals and organizations. The government should also create the enabling environment to improve the socio-economic situation of the state.

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