EVALUATION OF THE WATER QUALITY FROM MANUALLY OPERATED SUCTION PUMPS IN DANRAKA, SAMARU ZARIA, KADUNA STATE

Toyin Funmilayo Adeniyi, Chinomso Ukah, Cynthia Uchenna Okonkwo

Abstract


Water is essential for growth and maintenance of life for all living organisms on earth. The aim of this study is to evaluate the water quality from manually operated suction pumps in Danraka, Samaru for domestic water use. To study the domestic water quality from manually operated suction pumps in Danraka, Samaru water quality samples were collected at three selected water pumps. The parameters that were analyzed in the water samples are; Physical parameters such as temperature, conductivity, total dissolved solids (TDS), appearance, odor, turbidity, total suspended solids (TSS), and Chemical parameters such as iron, sulphate, chromium, and chlorine. The samples were digested and analyzed by the colorimetric/ atomic absorption spectroscopic method. The analysis showed that pH values of the samples range from 6.14 - 6.71, Temperature range is 22.50C – 22.80C, conductivity 0.289ms/cm – 0.504 ms/cm, TDS 1830ppm – 2300ppm, turbidity 0.000mg/l – 1mg/l, TSS 0.000mg/l - 4.00mg/l. Appearance of is clear and it is odorless. The chemical parameters showed that chlorine range from 0.00mg/l -0.08mg/l. The iron value range from 1.8mg/l – 8.0mg/l, sulphate value range from 3.00mg/l – 10.0mg/l and chromium varied from 0.01mg/l – 0.05mg/l. The result indicated that water from the manually operated water suction pumps in Danraka, Samaru which is the major source of drinking water in Danraka is not suitable for drinking when compared with the Drinking Water Quality Standar (DWQS) because it contains a high level of dissolved iron.
Keywords: water quality, manually operated suction pumps (MOSP), physical parameters, chemical parameters, drinking water.


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